Rondablog

27. 5. 2024
11 minutes of reading

I’ve got 100,000. What to invest in 2023?

What should I do with my savings and extra money? With high inflation, is it better to save, spend, or invest? And if I should invest, where and what should I invest in? Let's compare the benefits and pitfalls.

I’ve got 100,000. What to invest in 2023? Reading Time: 11 minutes

Leaving your money lying under your pillow or in your account is not a smart move. By the end of 2022, the difference between the rate of inflation and even the most generous interest-bearing bank accounts is more than 10%. Therefore, direct proportionality applies, indicating that the longer nothing happens to your savings, the less you actually have. Additionally, the higher the inflation rate, the faster you lose money.

So, where should you put your money or invest it to appreciate in value and create a passive income, while still having your funds available when needed? There are many options, but not all choices may be right for you. Every investor would like low risk, high return, and high liquidity. However, such an investment is virtually non-existent. When deciding what to invest in, there is almost always a trade-off you may or may not be willing to accept. What options can you choose from? What are the advantages and disadvantages? Let’s take a look together at the different forms of investment if you have spare funds of around CZK 100,000.

If you are already an experienced investor, take a look at how to further diversify your portfolio and what the current situation is for 2023. For complete beginners, let’s start with a small glossary of basic terms.

Basic investment glossary

Inflation

The general increase in the prices of goods and services over a period of time (most often compared year-on-year) using the consumer price index. The inflation rate is given as a percentage.

Investments

Investments refer to funds that are part of your income and are put into assets or ventures that do not bring immediate benefits but appreciate in value over time, as opposed to spending.

Liquidity

Liquidity indicates how quickly an investment can be converted back into cash. The higher the liquidity, the easier and quicker it is to convert the investment into cash. On the other hand, lower liquidity means that it may be more difficult and time-consuming to convert the investment into cash.

Interest

Interest is the monetary reward for lending money. When a lender (investor) temporarily lends a sum of money to a borrower, the borrower agrees to repay the principal amount along with an additional amount, known as interest, within an agreed period of time.
If you want to assess the value of your spare funds and make investments, it’s important to consider what is worth investing in and the associated risks. To help you make informed decisions, we have compiled a comprehensive guide detailing the pros and cons of the myriad investment options available.

Where can you invest to avoid losing money to inflation?

Current and savings accounts at the bank

Czechs most often entrust their savings to banks. In this case, we are not really talking about investments, but rather deposits. It is a form of saving money suitable for the short or medium term. For example, if you are planning to buy a new car in the near future, you might save the necessary funds in a current or savings account. However, neither current nor savings accounts can keep up with even one-third of the inflation rate.
At the end of 2022, the interest rates on savings accounts for a balance of CZK 100,000 ranged from 0.05% to 6.15% (averaging 4-5%). Savings accounts with higher interest rates above 5% usually come with additional fees and conditions. Meanwhile, the inflation rate reached a new record in the third quarter of 2022, with a year-on-year increase of 17.5%.

Benefits of a savings account

  • Low risk of loss of funds due to deposit insurance with banks
  • High liquidity – money can be withdrawn and used immediately if needed

Disadvantages of a savings account

  • Low interest rate – after accounting for inflation, the funds still lose value significantly
  • Some banks charge a wide range of fees

Term deposits and building societies

If you know you want to set money aside for a longer period, term deposits and building savings are common choices. The interest rate is fixed and conditional on not withdrawing the funds before a pre-agreed period.

A term deposit is used to hold funds for a few months to a few years. However, the interest rate is again lower than the current inflation rate, roughly comparable to savings accounts, ranging from 0.01% to 7.2%. Beware that term deposits at some banks may be significantly less profitable than ordinary savings accounts at other banks, and you cannot withdraw the money at any time.

Advantages of a term deposit

  • Low risk of losing funds due to deposit insurance with banks
  • You know the interest rate in advance

Disadvantages of a fixed deposit

  • Low interest rate – after accounting for inflation, you may end up with negative returns at current rates
  • Low liquidity – conditions for withdrawing funds before the agreed term’s end are extremely unfavorable, often resulting in paying more for early withdrawal than what you earn in interest

Building savings is utilized for multi-year savings, and the state guarantees state support in this case. However, it is still essential to calculate and understand how to use the building loan, as its profitability decreases significantly under certain parameters. Even if you save more each year, the state support remains the same (maximum CZK 2,000 per year). The optimal way to achieve the highest state support is to save up to CZK 20,000 per year for six years, providing you with the maximum state support. Once you reach CZK 120,000 in savings (after six years), building savings may no longer be worthwhile, and there is an ongoing discussion about abolishing the state contribution.

Shares and bonds

Another investment option is to buy shares and bonds. Shares can pay a dividend (a share of the company’s profits), and you can also profit from shares if their price rises on the stock market.
Bonds are securities that certify a loan to an entity, such as a corporation, a city, or a state. The yield on the bond is then the interest, and further capital appreciation can be achieved, similar to a stock, if the bond’s price rises on the stock market.

Advantages of trading on the stock market

  • Transparency of returns – every time you check the current price, you know whether you are making money or not
  • The ability to sell or buy more shares or bonds almost immediately
  • The possibility of high returns

Disadvantages of trading on the stock market:

  • Requires knowledge of the market, invested time, and continuous tracking of information or dependence on the platform
  • Stocks and bonds have a very volatile price, both in positive and negative values
  • Despite the availability of Czech platforms or broker services, language skills are still desirable for comprehensive orientation
  • Not all bonds or shares are traded on an exchange, determining the price and liquidity of such securities is very problematic
  • The Czech market is currently flooded with so-called “junk bonds” issued by companies without a long history and are usually unsecured; it is necessary to be wary of them
  • Fees are usually applied
  • You have to pay tax on trading income, although there is a three-year exemption (time test)

Share purchases can be divided into two approaches. Firstly, the active approach involves following current trends and developments in a rapidly changing market and buying and selling individual stocks as you see fit. Secondly, the passive approach means choosing a representative sample of the market and replicating its index. One of the largest and best-known stock indices is the S&P 500 index, which includes the stocks of the 500 largest traded companies in the US. While indices may perform well in the long term, the problem is that you cannot predict the market in advance. In 2022, even the S&P 500 generated a loss of more than 15%.

Similar negative developments were seen in 2022 for other major indices, such as the MSCI World, composed of the most important stock markets outside North America, including Europe, Australia, and the Far East. This index declined by a full quarter from January to the end of 2022, with the Nasdaq 100 and the Japanese Nikkei 225 also in negative territory. Whether global equities will continue to fall in 2023 or the trend reverses will be determined by many as yet unknown factors. If you intend to save your money for decades, you may use this crisis to buy cheap stocks. However, if you expect appreciation within a year or a few years, you could face potential losses.

Mutual funds

Mutual funds are highly popular in the Czech Republic and worldwide, making them one of the most common types of investments. The fund itself allocates your finances into sub-investments within its portfolio. It provides expertise, so you don’t have to worry too much, but you also pay fees, and you lack decision-making power over the distribution of investments, while the exact amount of return remains unknown in advance. It is crucial to carefully consider the strategy of a particular mutual fund, especially how it minimizes risks in its investments and ensures their security. Typically, investment appreciation is measured in percentages, although some funds focus on dynamic sectors (AI, biotech, sustainability) that can yield even higher annual appreciation.

Advantages of mutual funds

  • The activities of mutual funds are monitored by the CNB (Czech National Bank) and an independent depositary
  • Funds can be used for both short and long-term investments
  • Funds invest and build their portfolios, spreading risks across various investments

Disadvantages of mutual funds

  • Investments can fluctuate – there are many funds on the market with varying levels of risk, and the proportion of negative returns has risen with the advent of the coronavirus pandemic
  • No return can be guaranteed upfront, and dividend yields are generally paid only once a year
  • When investing in funds, you usually have to pay an entry fee, which is a few percent of the amount you invest, putting your investment in a negative starting position
  • You also pay an ongoing management fee (although this is often already reflected in the fund’s performance)
  • While you can usually withdraw your funds within a few days or weeks if needed, you also typically pay a fee for withdrawals (this varies from fund to fund)

Following the development of the stock markets in 2022, most mutual funds will generate losses for Czech investors, and 2023 is likely to bring further deterioration due to the economic crisis.

Cryptocurrencies

Investments in cryptocurrencies, electronically created digital currencies, are booming. For example, those who seized the opportunity to invest in Bitcoin in its early days could have seen their wealth appreciate by more than 1,000%. However, the tremendous rise has been accompanied by a tremendous fall. High-risk investments, therefore, should be made with free funds, where you will not regret any loss, as it is more likely to occur.

Benefits of investing in cryptocurrencies

  • Extremely high appreciation is possible

Disadvantages of investing in cryptocurrencies

  • High risk of losing the funds invested
  • High risk of price impact due to potential regulation
  • High fraud rate in this area

Iconic Bitcoin is at its lowest since the beginning of 2022, with its value down more than 75% from November 2021 to November 2022. For its risk-averse backers, this could theoretically be a good buying opportunity.

Investing in gold, precious metals, and other commodities

Especially in times of crisis when it is not worth keeping cash, people naturally invest in valuable assets. This can include art, vintage wines, rare rums, or collector’s editions of various kinds. Investing in precious metals, especially gold, silver, or platinum, has also been popular over the long term.
Benefits of investing in gold and other commodities

  • Long-term stable preservation of funds
  • Tangible value

Disadvantages of investing in gold and other commodities

  • Low liquidity – especially for rare pieces, it may take time to find a buyer if you need to raise funds
  • As it is a tangible asset, there is a higher risk of theft
  • You don’t know the yield in advance

The price of gold has been steadily rising to new all-time highs since 2020, so whoever bought it about 3-5 years ago will reap the benefits in 2022. However, the price of gold is determined purely by the sentiment of other market participants; it does not appreciate in any way nor produce another flow of money – it is a store of value, not an appreciator of value. The rise in the price of gold and precious metals is therefore historically as common as its fall. After a long rise, a fall is inevitable; it’s just that no one knows exactly when the break will come.

Crowdfunding

Crowdfunding is a popular form of investment based on the principle of non-bank loans and support for interesting projects. Several smaller investors pool together a larger sum to finance an investment project. Interest rates are in the high single digits, or even in the low teens for riskier projects. In the Czech Republic, crowdfunding has been most prominently introduced by Zonky. Crowdfunding platforms often offer rewards other than interest payments, such as tangible prizes.

Advantages of investing in crowdfunding

  • You choose where and what to invest in
  • There are usually no fees, and the returns are paid monthly
  • Higher interest rates than conservative and bank products – some outperform inflation or are close to inflation, and the investment appreciates positively
  • Investing is fast, easy, online, and each project is linked to a distinctive story

Disadvantages of investing in crowdfunding

  • If you choose an untrustworthy partner or the market fluctuates, you may lose funds. Therefore, you need to check what the investments are secured with, especially mezzanine loans or just intermediary services are risky.

Investment properties

Real estate prices rise steadily with inflation, and in the long run, investments usually yield very good returns. Recent years have brought turbulence – with the advent of COVID, domestic real estate prices have risen extremely fast, increasing by a leap of 25-30% in the Czech Republic since the beginning of the pandemic (spring 2020 – winter 2021). With the economic crisis related to the war in Europe, a price correction is expected. However, prices are unlikely to return to the values of 2-3 years ago. Overall, from a long-term perspective, real estate is one of the most conservative ways of investing, and interest in it will never cease; even short-term corrections will not change the growth trend.
If we are talking about an investment of up to CZK 100,000 without a mortgage loan, it is possible to acquire various types of land (but not building land), garages, cellars, and other properties in less desirable locations in the Czech Republic. Of course, you will not be able to buy an apartment, a house, or a building plot for this price. If you can rent out your property (such as the garage mentioned above), it can be a nice investment start. However, you also need to take into account operating costs, property tax, and other expenses.

Benefits of investing in real estate

  • The price of real estate will rise in the long run, even land with a deteriorated building has its value
  • Regular rental income can be earned
  • Possible one-off profit when selling the property at a higher price than the purchase price
  • It is a tangible asset that you can “touch” and a good tool for portfolio diversification

Disadvantages of investing in real estate

  • Low liquidity – property can take months or even a few years to sell in unfavorable conditions, so you may have to wait for the money
  • Expenses for running the property and associated administration
  • The price of the property cannot always be accurately determined

Alternative investments

Some investment platforms combine more than one of the above. For example, if you want to invest with an attractive return but are more conservative in terms of risk, you may choose to invest in business loans secured by real estate. This option is offered by the RONDA INVEST platform.

Advantages of alternative investments

  • You can invest in real estate projects with lower amounts (from CZK 1,000), and you can choose which of several options to invest in
  • Even if it is not a banking institution, the loan you invest in is secured by a property with LTV below 80% (it provides for a reserve in case of a drop in property prices), and a lien is established in favor of RONDA INVEST, minimizing the risk of losing funds
  • The yield is around 8 – 9%, and its amount is described in advance, with monthly payments into your account
  • No upfront or recurring flat fees

Disadvantages of alternative investments

  • The platform is relatively new to the market, only 5 years old
  • Does not offer riskier investments

Clearly, letting your finances appreciate in value makes sense. Deciding where to invest properly in 2023 is particularly tricky. Have you made your choice?

Did you like this article?

Kateřina Hájková
Author:
Nikola Spurná
Marketing Manager

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Secured investments

AKCE
Lands
Yield p.a.
7,9332 %

Yield represents the monetary amount you gain from invested capital. It indicates the difference between the final value of the investment and the capital used.

p.a. stands for per annum, meaning the yield calculated on an annual basis.

Example:

You invest 10,000 CZK with a yield of 10% p.a. The yields will be paid to you proportionally every month, and in one year, you will receive a total of 1,000 CZK in yields.

Maturity
12 months

Maturity indicates the binding date by which the loan will be repaid and your investment comes to an end.

After this date, we will transfer to your account, along with the final yield, the original invested amount as well.

This investment has a maturity 30. 6. 2025.

Min. investment
1 000 Kč

Minimum investment specifies the lowest possible amount that can be invested in the project.

LTV
59,74 %

LTV = Loan to Value
(in translation, “loan to value”)

LTV indicates the ratio of the property value to the loan value. The lower the LTV, the higher the level of security.

Calculation of LTV = loan amount / estimated market value × 100

Lands
Kladno
Family house
Yield p.a.
8,7 %

Yield represents the monetary amount you gain from invested capital. It indicates the difference between the final value of the investment and the capital used.

p.a. stands for per annum, meaning the yield calculated on an annual basis.

Example:

You invest 10,000 CZK with a yield of 10% p.a. The yields will be paid to you proportionally every month, and in one year, you will receive a total of 1,000 CZK in yields.

Maturity
35 months

Maturity indicates the binding date by which the loan will be repaid and your investment comes to an end.

After this date, we will transfer to your account, along with the final yield, the original invested amount as well.

This investment has a maturity 31. 5. 2027.

Min. investment
10 000 Kč

Minimum investment specifies the lowest possible amount that can be invested in the project.

LTV
56,76 %

LTV = Loan to Value
(in translation, “loan to value”)

LTV indicates the ratio of the property value to the loan value. The lower the LTV, the higher the level of security.

Calculation of LTV = loan amount / estimated market value × 100

Family house
Velke Popovice
EUROVÁ INVESTICE
Land
Yield p.a.
7,5 %

Yield represents the monetary amount you gain from invested capital. It indicates the difference between the final value of the investment and the capital used.

p.a. stands for per annum, meaning the yield calculated on an annual basis.

Example:

You invest 10,000 CZK with a yield of 10% p.a. The yields will be paid to you proportionally every month, and in one year, you will receive a total of 1,000 CZK in yields.

Maturity
25 months

Maturity indicates the binding date by which the loan will be repaid and your investment comes to an end.

After this date, we will transfer to your account, along with the final yield, the original invested amount as well.

This investment has a maturity 31. 7. 2026.

Min. investment
50 Kč

Minimum investment specifies the lowest possible amount that can be invested in the project.

LTV
43,73 %

LTV = Loan to Value
(in translation, “loan to value”)

LTV indicates the ratio of the property value to the loan value. The lower the LTV, the higher the level of security.

Calculation of LTV = loan amount / estimated market value × 100

(5th phase)
Land
Nitra (Mlynarce)
CALCULATOR
HOW MUCH DO YOU WANT TO INVEST?
CZK
FOR HOW LONG?
24 months
YIELD
9 % p.a.
EXPECTED YIELD
CZK

The calculator calculation is based on a model example of a one-time repayment loan investment (full principal repayment at the end of the loan term). Returns are paid to investors monthly, and the calculator does not consider reinvestment. The actual performance of the investment may differ from the model example. It represents gross yield, subject to taxation. At RONDA INVEST, there are no entry fees or regular fees.